Stickney's another key=typebar connection exchanger


Owing to the necessity of moving the typebars of writing-machines through the smallest practicable space during their printing strokes, it has been customary to make the type-bars of small dimensions and to pack them as closely as practicable in the typebasket at the nearest possible point to the printing-center. In order to reduce the consequent liability of the types to collide when operated at high speed, it has been customary in making under-strike machines, in which the types occupy a complete circle, to arrange some of the frequently-operated types at one side of the circle and other frequently-operated types at the opposite side of the circle, In other words, the types have been given a staggering arrangement, one key-lever being connected to a type at the forward part of the basket, the next key-lever -having its type at the rear part of the basket, the next lever a type at the forward part, the next lever a type at the rear part, and so on. In machines of the front-strike or top-strike class, however, in which only one-half or less of a circle is occupied by the type-bars, such a staggering arrangement obviously cannot be adopted, and hence it has been customary simply to place the types in the basket in the same order that the key-levers or keys occupy at the keyboard, and in consequence the objection has been made to this class of machines that the types are prone to clash, this defect being all the more noticeable because the types have to be crowded even more closely than customary in under-strike machines.
The main object of my invention is to reduce the liability of the types to collide when operated at high speed, and to this end I ef feet a rearrangement of the order'in which the types are placed in the basket without corresponding rearrangement of the order of the keys or key-levers at the keyboard. I provide between the keys arranged in one order and the types arranged in a different order one or more groups of transposed connections, so that each key is connected to its type and is enabled to operate the same whether or not said type has a natural or unnatural location in the basket. The transposition of the connections is preferably secured by crossing them at some point or points between the types and the keys. By this means I am enabled to separate types which are frequently operated in direct succession—that is, I am enabled to place between two of such types a third type, which is infrequently operated, thereby greatly reducing the liability of clashing, and hence enabling a higher speed of operation than heretofore. It is not necessary to transpose all of the connections, since some of the types may remain in their natural order in the basket without incurring the liability of collision.

Burnham C. Stickney, Type-Writing machine., Patent number: 676208., Filing date: Dec 29, 1900., Issue date: Jun 11, 1901
Patent US676208 - TYPE-WRITING MACHINE - Google Patents:
This is older than the other.

Here is new one. 20140327101203


platen-shifting-spring and Upper-Case-Lock-lever or Bell-hammer


The right hand at the middle above on the keyboard, looks like..

Sketch book of the Inter-state exposition, Chicago ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library:
Or, is it for the sake of expedience to draw the keys on the keyboard as many as possible?






Untill Shif-key set at front (row) of the both side:right and left on the keyboard.


Q: RemStdNo.2: UpperCaseKey depression makes the platen go backward or not?

On Remington Standard Type-Writer No.2:
Which direction does the UpperCaseKey depression make the platen move? backward or forward ?

Virtual Typewriter Museum says it forward.

The qwerty keyboard had been designed by Sholes himself, but new to the keyboard was the 'shift' key, that literally shifted the carriage to the front in order to type capitals.

Editor/publisher: Paul Robert, retrieved:Jan 17, 2013
The Virtual Typewriter Museum: Remington Standard 2:
  • This web-page seems to contain some mix-up with Rem2(1878) and RemStd2(1882 from the Wyckoff, Seamans and Benedict.).

Some manual says it backward.

3.-- When the key marked "Upper Case is down, the capitals and all the characters at the back on the double keys will be printed, and when the key that is marked "Lower Case" is down, the small letters and all the characters that are at the front on the double keys will be printed. The "Lower Case" key need never be touched by the oerator except when the cylinder shifter(149) is raised so the machine is writing all capitals: then, to make a character on the front of a key, press down the "Lower Case" key. (p.--)

8. -- Is held forward or backward by the shifter(149). When forward it will prirnt the small letters and the characters on the front side of the double keys; when backward it will print capitals and the characters on the back side of the double keys. To change the cylinder asd set it in eithe position, you have only to LIFT UP and pull forward or push backward the shifter (149). (p.7)


Some Patent say it backward.


Patent number: 492599 Filing date: Sep 26, 1892 Issue date: Feb 28, 1893

Some machine say it backward and others say forward..

Remington Standard Type-Writer No. 7

  • To depress the UpperCaseKey makes the platen move to backward,, looks like..
    • 2'00"- About Shift-key operation and platen movement.
    • 2'20"- About Shift-Lock mechanism.

Remington Standard Type-Writer No. 6

  • To depress the UpperCaseKey makes the platen move to forward,, looks like..
    • 1'10"-1'30" About Shift mechanism.


Remington Standard Type-Writer No. 2

  • uncertain..

Clone of Remington Standard No. 2, Manhattan


LowerCaseKey to Platen-Spring. Shift-Keys in both side at forward on keyboard. When?

Not Completed.

When did start?
Remington Type-Writer No. 2 1878? had UpperCaseKey at left-forward on keyboard, LowerCaseKey at right-backward on keyboard.
Remington Standard Type-Writer No. 2 (1882?) had UpperCaseKey at left-forward on Keyboard, and it's the only key to shift the platen?
A patent says like so.

Not Completed.